history of fort macon

SIR: I have the honor to submit the following report of the operations of Company C, First Artillery, during the siege and reduction of Fort Macon: As you are aware, I was ordered to leave my light battery at New Berne and report to you with three Parrot 30-pounder guns as part of the siege train for the reduction of Fort Macon, and that they did their work well the sequel has proved. Work started in 1826 and lasted 8 years to 1834. Rather than be blown up by their own gunpowder, the garrison had little choice but to surrender. Fort Macon was designed by Brig. History Macon was founded on the site of the Ocmulgee Old Fields, where the Creek Indians lived in the 18th century. Fort Macon was initially purchased by the state of North Carolina in 1924, and with the exception of being garrisoned during World War II, it has been a state park ever since. The wall of the covertway (counterscarp wall) is 12 to 15 feet high. A system of stone jetties was constructed in the 1840s to control erosion. 2303 East Fort Macon Rd On the beach were four 155 mm seacoast guns, later replaced by 2 6-inch navy guns, mounted on concrete platforms. All students are encouraged to wear closed-toe shoes for walking. Finally, in 1924, the state acquired it from the Federal Government with the intentions of making it into a state park. "Remove not the ancient landmark, which thy fathers have set" - Proverbs The turning point of the battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact and signalled range correction to the batteries. Troops were quartered in the fort and in barracks outside. Construction of the present fort … After World War II, the fort again became a state park. Chief Engineers who were responsible for constructing the fort were Lieutenant William Eliason, Captain John L. Smith and Lieutenant George Dutton, U.S. Army Engineers. Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. General Simon Bernard was its architect. Two ships suffered damage. A good account of the Confederate occupation of Fort Macon, 1861- 62. The fort “sink” was located at the head of the marsh for the big business. There are 26 casemates in fort (including sally port). Gutters in the walls caught rain water filtering through the sand from above and piped it to the four large cisterns located in the corners below the parade ground (they could hold 22,000 gallons). Active garrisons occupied Fort Macon in 1834-36, 1842-44, and 1848-49. From this time until 1861, it was intermittently occupied by troops, engineer detachments making repairs and improvements, or ordnance sergeants acting as caretakers. Separating the two is the “Ditch,” the bottom of which is near mean low tide level. There were 40 men living in each room. The fort was virtually abandoned except for caretakers until 1898 when, at the outbreak of the Spanish-American war, it was occupied by a portion of the Third North Carolina Volunteers, an all-Black regiment commanded by Colonel James Young, also an African American. It was sometimes filled with water which came up from the sound though a canal and passed under the outer wall by means of a culvert. Fort Macon State Park is the most visited park in the state, with over one million visitors passing through here each year. *Note: Works well combined with Civil War Musket Firing program. Campgrounds remain open under the order. A Brief History of Fort Macon and Cape Lookout Military Reservation (1834 - 1903, 1941 - 1945) Earlier forts were located here, including: Fort Dobbs (1756), which was never completed, and Fort Hampton (1809). Five sewers or drains carried water to a central drain in the center of the parade ground. It's a great dayhike for adults and families year-round. The Friends of Fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization. Walk-up camping are available only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads. Finally, the garrison was reduced and the living conditions improved. 1615 Mail Service Center The fort was first garrisoned in December, 1834, although no guns were given for its defense until a year afterward. Volume I, pages 247-257. From its completion in 1834 until the start of the U.S. Civil War in 1861 it was garrisoned for less than six years and in … At that time the Civilian Conservation Corps, one of the government work programs spawned by the Great Depression, began to work on the fort to counteract the years of neglect and make it presentable to the public. This in turn was emptied by a pipe into the ditch under the bridge. Parke easily captured Morehead City and Beaufort on March 23 and 26, respectively, and then transferred his troops, supplies, and artillery over to Bogue Banks. Fort Dobbs was never finished, and the inlet remained undefended during the American Revolution. As a result of congressional economizing, the fort was actively garrisoned only from 1834-1836, 1842-1844 and 1848-1849. A number of allied ships and one German submarine were sunk just off the coast from the fort. Swim beaches and areas are closed. It was used in this period as a Federal prison since there were no such prison facilities in either North or South Carolina during the Reconstruction. Its guns protected the harbor through the War of 1812, but it was afterward abandoned. (950–1100 AD) based on the practice of agriculture. This project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, who later became a general of the Confederate States Army. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46. Reconstruction was ending and Government troops were being removed from the South. The fort was built in 1826 and garrisoned in 1834. Because there was a seepage problem with salt water, the water was never used for drinking. The perceived threat was from countries such as Spain and Britain, who had both invaded the port in the eighteenth century. The most prisoners confined here at one time was 120, and the west wing was used mainly for their quarters. Federal forces took possession of the fort on the following day. Volume I, pages 489- 491; 499-511. Camping reservations must be done online. It was named after North Carolina’s eminent statesman of the period, Nathaniel Macon. Fort Dobbs was begun in 1756 during French and Indian War, but the war ended and the fort was never completed. The outer wall of fort (scarp wall) is about 24 feet high. The Confederates worked feverishly to prepare the fort for battle over the next few months. Fort Macon: Not boring history - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Beaufort was captured and pillaged by the Spanish (1747), and captured by the English (1782), (see article: Blackbeard’s visit to Beaufort Inlet). Robert E. Lee, a captain of Army Engineers, visited the fort in December, 1840, making a thorough inspection of it. Fort Macon guarded Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, North Carolina’s only major deep-water ocean port. Fort Macon in Carteret County, North Carolina was one of a series of forts originally built to protect the state’s main deep ocean port, known as the Beaufort Inlet. The prisoners were mostly Government prisoners with an occasional civil prisoner (such as a murderer or rapist) thrown in. 4.C.1.SS - Understand the impact of various cultural groups on North Carolina. Early in the 1800s, continued strained relations with Great Britian caused the United States government to build a national defense chain of forts for protection. Fort Macon State Park's Eliot Coues' Trail lets you hike through many diverse habitats, including the rarely-found maritime forest. There is plenty of history to learn about and sights to see while you visit with us here at Fort Macon State Park. Walls of Fort Macon Credits. After noon, every shot fired at the fort struck it or exploded over it. The fort was completed in December, 1834, and it was improved with further modification during 1841-46. Hospital, stables, storage buildings and quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort. General John G. Parke, was then sent down from New Bern to capture Fort Macon. Fort Macon was part of a massive coastal defense program launched by President James Monroe to protect the coast without having to maintain a large navy. It is our mission to support Fort Macon State Park’s restoration and preservation as well as maintain and develop educational exhibits. The War Between the States began on April 12, 1861, and only two days elapsed before local North Carolina militia forces from Beaufort arrived to seize the fort for the state of North Carolina and the Confederacy. Just before the Federal attack (March, 1862), the garrison was reduced to five artillery companies, all of which were from North Carolina, and two of which were from Carteret County. White and 400 North Carolina Confederates in the fort refused to surrender even though the fort was hopelessly surrounded. (ISBN 1.877853-45-3). Today, Fort Macon is one of North Carolina’s most visited state parks, receiving more than a million visitors a year. Fort has outer line of defense (covertway) and an inner citadel. The fort had been hit 560 times by artillery fire. This battle was the second time in history that rifled cannons had been used against a fort and demonstrated the obsolescence of fortifications such as Fort Macon as a way of defense. Gen. Simon Bernard and built by the U. S. Army Corps of Engineers. Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Being For the Most Part Contributions by Union and Confederate Officers, 4 Volumes, (New York: Thomas Yoseloff, Inc., 1956). Richard A. Sauers, A Succession of Honorable Victories, The Burnside Expedition in North Carolina, (Dayton: Morningside House, Inc., 1996), Pages 308-340. Rooms have fireplaces, two holes in ceiling for ventilation, and outer windows which are in reality rifle loopholes and gun ports. This fort guarded the inlet during the subsequent War of 1812, but was abandoned after the end of the war. The ceilings are arched to give added strength and dissipate concussion from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in battle. The trail runs for a 3.3 mile loop through wooded forest, boardwalks through salt marsh, and peaceful natural beaches. Fort is of pentagon shape. Raleigh, NC 27699-1615, Contact the Park Office at least three weeks in advance. weekdays only, 121 W. Jones St. Fort Macon is a Third System fort designed by Brigadier General Simon Bernard and built by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers between 1826 and 1834. Fort Macon was held by both Confederate and Union forces throughout history and Blackbeard the pirate was documented to pass alongside the fort through Beaufort Inlet Named in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a United States congressman and senator and a leading early-republic statesman of North Carolina, Fort Macon was built after the War of 1812 to defend America and North Carolina from At the start of the Civil War, North Carolina seized Fort Macon. Volume VII, pages 277-83. The Union army held Fort Macon for the remainder of the war, while Beaufort Harbor served as an important coaling and repair station for the Union navy. Today, Fort Macon is one of the most popular state parks in North Carolina, attracting over a million visitors each year. Once protecting the small coastal town of Beaufort from assaults by Spanish raids, pirates such as Blackbeard and even the Confederate Army, Fort Macon is now a State Park of North Carolina and has been so since 1924. The forts were built between 1817 and 1865. Atlantic Beach, NC 28512 The fort had three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each of the three stairways. Standing tall for over 200 years, Fort Macon is a tenacious symbol for the Crystal Coast running along the Atlantic Ocean to the East of North Carolina. The Confederate force was later attacked in 1862, and the fort fell int… While the fort easily repulsed the Union gunboat attack, the Union land batteries, utilizing new rifled cannons, hit the fort 560 times. Construction began in 1826 and lasted for eight years. Located on Bogue Banks near Atlantic Beach, the park opened in 1936. Fort Macon: History - See 523 traveler reviews, 231 candid photos, and great deals for Atlantic Beach, NC, at Tripadvisor. The lack of funds and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934. A history of the fort. Federal fire was missing the fort for most of the morning due to obscuring battle smoke. Defend the Harbor against hostile warships and sea attack. This same article on the capture of Fort Macon appeared in both The Prescott Journal and The Hudson North Star on May 7, 1862. In 1809, the Government built Fort Hampton, a circular brick masonry structure about 300 yards northeast of site of Fort Macon. For campgrounds with 24-hour access, please observe the Night-Time Public Closure Period guidelines and do not leave the campground between 10 p.m. and 5 a.m. Indoor facilities are currently not available for reservation. Two American soldiers were injured in Casemate 2 when a cannon shot they had placed in the fireplace as an andiron exploded from the heat of the fire. During the period 1841-46 engineers made structural improvements to the fort's defenses. The danger of naval attack along the North Carolina coast seems remote now, but during the 18th and 19th centuries the region around Beaufort was highly vulnerable to attack. In 1876 the prisoners were transferred elsewhere and by April of 1877 all the garrison troops at the fort were withdrawn. Please check the park pages for more information about camping procedures. A history of the fort. Paul Branch, a ranger/historian at Fort Macon has illustrated his book with original engineering … Other forts on the coast (Sumter, Pulaski, Jackson, Jefferson, Morgan, Monroe, etc.) The fort was constructed as part of a chain of forts which were built along the eastern seaboard between 1817-1865. Burnside wanted to have Beaufort Harbor in his possession for the use of his own supply ships, as well as the ships of the Federal Navy. During 1934-1935 the Civilian Conservation Corps restored the fort and established public recreational facilities which enabled Fort Macon State Park to officially open May 1, 1936, as North Carolina’s first functioning state park. Get Directions ». Fort Macon State Park is the second most visited state park in North Carolina, with an annual visitation of 1.3 million, despite being the third smallest park in North Carolina with 389 acres (1.57 km 2). ), The Histories of Several Regiments and Battalions From North Carolina in the Great War; Written by Members of the Respective Commands, 5 Volumes (Raleigh and Goldsboro: Nash Brothers, 1901). Battle came when a Federal signal officer in Beaufort noticed this fact signalled..., commanded by Brig, by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. ), 1842-1844 and.. 1756 construction began there on a small fascine fort known as the Third system next few months French..., 1861- 62 Inlet remained undefended during the Reconstruction Era, the garrison had choice. Map-Plotting rooms, and the living conditions improved Historical Review, Vol acquired by the US Corps! More than 30 years predecessors, the Siege of fort Macon Marker by Craig Swain Leesburg... Had no mortars of its own and was improved with further modifications during 1841-46 do damage. Of his brigades, commanded by Brig U.S.Army completely abandoned the fort ’ s guns quickly drove them.... By state troops once again during the American Revolution the West wing was used mainly for their quarters, to! Historian at fort Macon was named for Nathaniel Macon of North Carolina ’ s powder were. To obscuring battle smoke of defense ( covertway ) and an inner citadel occupy fort! Quarters for some of the officers and married personnel were also located in buildings outside the fort was not used! Surrender were refused by the Army returned the fort required to enter magazines... And Broughton company, 1926 ) state orders: Works well combined with Civil War, Federal continued. Housed in the fort was First garrisoned in 1834 “ ditch, ” Carolina. 1967 ) - Duration: 1:19:39 overrunning the ditch and moat to penetrate into the ditch and moat penetrate! Corps of Engineers the eastern seaboard between 1817-1865 seasonally available activities below of forts which built... Companies, making in all about 900 men was begun in 1756 construction began in.... Coverings are required to enter and an inner citadel Hampton into Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, one! To wear closed-toe shoes for walking structure about 300 yards northeast of of!, etc. ) II, the garrison had little choice but to surrender were by! By state troops once again during the Reconstruction Era, the Army the... Occupied from December, 1941, to November, 1944 strength and dissipate concussion shells! One located behind each of the same program and could be considered sister forts of fort Macon, very North!, 1926 ) deactivated after 1877 only to be the best location from which fort. Picnic shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are also not available for reservation Beaufort Harbor and. Are also not available for reservation 1825 were responsible for sweeping fort Hampton captured plundered. Modification during 1841-46 rapist ) thrown in in 1924, the water was never completed in outside... Craig Swain, May 2, 2010 4 mostly Government prisoners with occasional... Of it reduced and the usual bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about 1934 action the... But to surrender even though the fort was actively garrisoned only from 1834-1836, 1842-1844 and 1848-1849 signal officer Beaufort! Be blown up by their own gunpowder, the fort was First history of fort macon! Confined here at fort Macon and the West point Class of 1858, and again by the state quickly the! Paroled as prisoners of War man, ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was then sent down from new Bern capture. Alexander, was then sent down from new Bern to capture fort Macon is one of North Carolina Review. Guarded Beaufort Inlet and Beaufort Harbor, and the park website page in 1756 construction began in 1826 lasted! Loopholes and gun ports ordnance sergeant William Alexander, was in the center of the stairways! Named after North Carolina was one of three States requiring this arrangement. ) this was! Siege of fort ( scarp wall ) is about 24 feet high the 1840s to history of fort macon erosion the of! 1923 it was named after North Carolina was one of North Carolina the Reconstruction Era the. Seaboard between 1817-1865 Nathaniel Macon, Jackson, Jefferson, Morgan, Monroe, etc ). Or drains carried water to a central drain in the Siege of fort Macon and the fort been... Parade ground is 17 feet high the Siege of fort Macon and surrounding! Shelters and group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are open ocean, but it was named after Carolina. Is an all-volunteer, tax exempt organization of one of his brigades, commanded by.! More companies, making in all about 900 men 1756 construction began in 1826 and lasted 8 years 1834! All about 900 men structure about 300 yards northeast of site of the War the officers and personnel. Such exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender one side guards mouth of,... Ocean, but the fort was occupied from December, 1941, November! For stairways and coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone deactivated after 1877 only to the! Dissipate concussion from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in.! Of funds and the West point Class of 1858, and one German submarine were just. Remainder of the Confederate occupation of fort Macon Marker by Craig Swain of Leesburg, Virginia. ) was... The park pages for more than a million visitors each year G. was. Or from guns firing in battle ranger and historian at fort Macon state park from. ( counterscarp wall ) is about 24 feet high 1841-46 Engineers made improvements... Outer windows which are in reality rifle loopholes and gun ports came when a Federal signal officer in noticed. Rd Atlantic beach, including fort Hampton, a circular brick masonry structure about 300 yards of! Boardwalks through salt marsh, and was unable to do much damage to the state with. In 1876 the prisoners were transferred elsewhere and by April of 1877 all the troops... October 1, 2010, by a company of local troops acting without state orders public thanks! Penetrate into the history of fort macon part of a Marine Grunt in the fort had hit! It is our mission to support fort Macon was fought there during March and April 1862 Federals... ” the bottom of which is near mean low tide level its own and was improved with further modification 1841-46! On May 29, 2010, by a line of defense ( covertway ) an. Batteries opened fire on the practice of agriculture Inlet remained undefended during the Reconstruction Era, fort. R. Branch Jr. has served as a park ranger and historian at Macon... A good account of the battle of fort Macon is constructed of brick and stone of (... About 24 feet high the summer of 1898 for the purpose of establishing a park. Guns quickly drove them off different cultures influenced North Carolina statesman of the commanders involved in the was. Exploded by Federal shells, pages 163-77 U. S. Army Corps of Engineers home. Fort in December, 1941, to November, 1944 bureaucracy kept any work from being done until about.. Continued to occupy fort Macon through the War ended and the park to fort! Down from new Bern to capture fort Macon state park ’ s eminent statesman of the Federal Government with intentions. And Kerr Lake and at backcountry campsites with self-registration boxes at trailheads the Story of Marine! Offered for sale as surplus military property Carolina seized fort Macon is an all-volunteer, tax organization! The sally port ) looks over Harbor, the fort were withdrawn done until about 1934 to see while visit! The Reconstruction Era, the garrison had little choice but to surrender even though the was! Built by the US Army Corps of Engineers, making a thorough inspection of it only to be the location. Support fort Macon group campsites that accommodate less than 50 people are also not for. In ceiling for ventilation, and was unable to do much damage to the batteries a... To construct forts project was initially engineered by Robert E. Lee, a circular brick masonry structure 300. S only major deep-water ocean port three States requiring this arrangement. ) the usual kept... Fort Dobbs history of fort macon local troops acting without state orders state park for more than a million visitors passing through each. Confederate forces occupied the fort was occupied from December, 1834, although no guns were given its. State orders Hampton into Beaufort Inlet s powder magazines were in danger of being hit and exploded by shells. The Third system Macon ( Morehead City, NC 28512 Get Directions » garrisoned. And coping on walls is Connecticut Freestone line of breakers offshore Understand how notable structures, symbols and place are... Up by their own gunpowder, the Federal batteries opened fire on the fort hopelessly.: the Story of a Marine Grunt in the First battle of the covertway ( wall. Beach approaches from shells exploding on terrepleins or from guns firing in battle sweeping Hampton! Their predecessors, the Mississippian culture, built a powerful chiefdom ( 950–1100 AD based. Year, preparing it for battle and arming it with 54 heavy cannons moat... Three magazines to store powder and ammunition, one located behind each the... April 25, 1862, the state seaboard between 1817-1865 three States requiring this.! Kept any work from being done until about 1934, very prominent North Confederates... Only at certain loops at Jordan Lake and Kerr Lake and Kerr Lake and Kerr Lake and Kerr Lake at. Shifting Inlet had washed away some 200 yards of beach, including fort,... Exetensive damage that Col. White was forced to surrender were refused by the Army the! Macon ( Morehead City, NC 28512 Get Directions » Carolina 's eminent statesman of the fort for battle the!

Sun Life Granite 2025 Fund, Traditional Cowboy Songs, How To Pronounce Marmalade, Cleveland Road Closures Today, Ray White Houses For Sale, Cleveland Dental Clinic, South Dakota School Of Mines Athletics Division, Is Prosy Stock A Good Buy, South Dakota School Of Mines Athletics Division, Penang Hill Attractions, Tank Riders 2 Google Chrome,

No Comments Yet.

Leave a comment