eggplant fruit and shoot borer most damaging stage

Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee, a destructive pest of eggplant (Solanum melongena L.), adversely affects quality and yield of eggplant fruit throughout the world. It reduces the quality of fruit production and attacks eggplant irrespective to growth stages of plant unlike other pests [24]. One fruit contain up to 20 larvae in Ghana (Frempong, 1979). Eggplant fruit & shoot borer Leucinodes orbonalis 2. The most destructive insect pest of eggplant in the Philippines and other Asian countries is the Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer (FSB). 1. 7. Leafhopper Amrasca biguttula 6. It inflicts sizeable damage up to 80 percent in terms of fruit and content of vitamin-C. Corn semi-looper Chrysodeixis eriosoma 4. Feeding damage to fruit consists of 1/8 – 1/4 inch wide holes. The key pest, eggplant fruit and shoot borer, Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee found to be most destructive and first ranked threat especially in South Asia, hence become hot issue for research in this region. Small larvae feed on leaves for a short time and then attack fruit. 4). Lady beetle Epilachna vigintioctopunctata 13. A. Insect Pests of Eggplant Common Name Scientific Name 1. Whitefly Bemesia tabaci 5. Hypocotyl explants from 7 day-old seedlings were pre-cultured for two days and inoculated with Agrobacterium strain EHA105 … L. orbonalis is one of the most economic pest of Nepal, India, Pakistan, Srilanka, Bangladesh, Thailand, Pilippines, Cambodia, Laos and Vietnam [4] and causing huge loss in almost eggplant growing areas [7]. damage to occur to the fruit, such as fungal attack or rotting (Fig. The eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenee (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a notorious insect pest that causes havoc across all eggplant cultivation areas in Bangladesh. feeding in fruit and shoot is responsible for the damage to eggplant crop. Eggplant shoot and fruit borer (ESFB), Leucinodes orbonalis Guenée, is a major insect pest of eggplant, Solanum melongena L. In this study, cry1Aa3 gene was introduced into eggplant cv.Kashi Taru through Agrobacterium-tumefaciens mediated transformation. Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. Remarkably, its relationship with environmental factors such as temperature is not clearly defined. Management. At times, entire crops … 1). Flea beetle Psylliodes sp. Its lar-vae feed inside eggplant fruit, making the fruit unmarketable and unfit for human consumption (Fig. Arida said the fruit and shoot borer is the most important insect pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. Common cutworm Spodoptera litura 3. IPM Strategy for Eggplant Fruit and Shoot Borer Table of Contents Chapters Executive Summary iv 1 Introduction 1 2 Biology and Nature of Damage of EFSB 3 3 Mechanical Control 6 4 Host-plant Resistance 11 5 Biological Control 13 6 Sex Pheromone 24 7 Socio-economics of Eggplant … The caterpillar only emerges from inside the fruit when it is ready to pupate in the soil, leaving a much larger and obvious exit hole at this stage (Fig. Its larvae can be observed in the field as early as three weeks after transplanting. 3), and this more noticeable sign will give an indication of possible L. orbonalis infestation. Eggplant fruit and shoot borer (EFSB), Leucinodes orbonalis, is the most damaging pest of eggplant in South and Southeast Asia. The full grown larvae come out of the infested shoots and fruits and for pupate in the dried shoots and leaves or in plant debris fallen on the ground within tough silken cocoons. 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